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What is Baby Acne?
Babies may develop blemishes all over the face which looks exactly like acne commonly seen in teens. Although the cause of baby acne is unknown, it might be the result of maternal or newborn hormones (androgens) stimulating glands on the face to deliver oil or sebum. Baby acne can basically be divided into 2 groups: neonatal acne, which affects babies in their first month of life; and infantile acne, which typically affects babies of 3 to 16 months of age. Neonatal acne that is limited to the face is called benign cephalic pustulosis, while infantile acne is typically more serious than neonatal acne and consists of more sores.
Who's at risk?
Neonatal acne happens in around 20% of newborns. Infantile acne appears to be less common. Males tend to be more affected than females, in spite of the fact that this reason is unknown.
Signs and Symptoms
Baby acne consists of various red, raised pimples and pus-filled bumps, usually found on the baby’s face's, neck or trunk. Skin can have blackheads and whiteheads present too. Pitting and scarring of the influenced areas can happen in roughly 10 to 15% of affected babies.
The reason behind the cause of baby acne is not clearly diagnosed yet. The exact reason for the cause is still unknown.
Tests and diagnosis:
Baby acne is usually analyzed immediately. No particular testing is required.
In mild cases of baby acne, using a daily cleanser is generally the initial phase in treatment. Gentle, fragrance-free cleansers are ideal and should be applied to the affected area regularly. Babies and newborn children have extremely delicate skin, so vigorous cleaning should be evaded.
When to Seek Medical Care?
In general, baby acne is harmless and does not require urgent care. If you feel that the acne on your baby's skin is worsening in spite of utilizing daily cleansing with a mild soap, it is best to see your pediatrician. Also, if your baby is prone to scratching or picking at these sores, there is a risk the influenced areas could build up a bacterial skin infection, and it is best to seek further medical care.
In mild cases, prescription treatment is generally not required, and the lesions may resolve with the gentle cleansing of the skin. The first line of treatment which most doctors recommend is 2.5% benzoyl peroxide. This is a gel that is applied to the skin; it is a commonly used acne product. It may cause dryness. The next line of treatment, in extreme cases, is to include an oral anti-biotic. Most newborn children are able to stop oral antibiotics within 18 months. Rarely, cases of acne could be made worse by a fungus, which would require a topical antifungal applied to the skin for treatment. Your baby's pediatrician may ask for the assistance of a pediatric dermatologist for serious instances of acne. Besides, in extreme cases or those resistant to therapy, an examination for a fundamental hormonal (endocrine) disorder might be justified.
Lifestyle & Home Remedies:
These tips are helpful in administering your baby's skin while he or she has skin acne:
*Disclaimer- None of the information provided here is the substitute for any diagnosis or treatment by your health professional. Seek the advice of your qualified health provider or your physician in case of any critical or major health issue does not rely on this information in case of any emergency.
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